What Are the Core Differences Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Did you know that there are differences between Gingivitis and Periodontitis? Both periodontal diseases affect your gums and teeth, deteriorating your oral health. So what makes them so distinct?

To understand the differences, let us first understand these two oral issues. Gingivitis is a relatively milder form of gum disease due to untreated plaque accumulation that causes gum inflammation. On the other hand, Periodontitis is a more severe form of Gingivitis that has gone untreated. It is negative progress towards a more serious gum inflammation that affects the teeth and gums. 

So keeping this in mind, let us check out the notable differences between Gingivitis and Periodontitis symptoms and learn how to maintain our oral health. 

Differences Between Gingivitis and PeriodontitisPhoto by Cedric Fauntleroy: https://www.pexels.com/photo/man-in-gray-scrub-suit-holding-white-tablet-computer-4270093/

Gingivitis and Periodontitis can both affect your everyday life if you do not treat them promptly. So here are some notable signs that can help you differentiate between these two periodontal diseases:

1. Symptoms

Since Gingivitis is just the tip of the iceberg for gum problems; you will notice only a few minor symptoms, such as:

  • Slight bleeding and redness whenever you brush
  • Gums bleeding
  • Swollen, irritated gums

Now, if you have Periodontitis from unchecked Gingivitis, the symptoms will be more severe and painful, such as:

  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Gum recession
  • Loose tooth
  • Bad breath
  • Soreness in gums
  • Tooth pain during chewing
  • Gum infection

These symptoms are due to the plaque spreading over the gums and teeth, deteriorating their condition. 

2. Your Age

Your current age also determines the seriousness of your periodontal disease. According to TeenHealth.com, 60% of children aged 15 suffer from Gingivitis. And since Gingivitis is treatable at this stage, you can be optimistic about treatment and condition reversal.

Alternatively, according to a report by CDC, 47.25% of adults who are 30 years old or more suffer from different stages of Periodontal disease. This means it can be as mild as Gingivitis or as dangerous as Periodontitis. 

All in all, Gingivitis is more prevalent in kids but affects adults as well. Periodontitis, on the other hand, is more common among adults who do not address signs of Gingivitis proactively.

3. Treatment

The treatment is generally mild if your dentist diagnoses Gingivitis. They will prescribe you to brush and floss your teeth regularly, maintain a clean and healthy mouth, etc. The dentist might also recommend a professional dental cleaning to remove plaque from the surfaces of your teeth. 

However, if you have Periodontitis, prepare for more serious treatment. If your oral condition is severe, the dentist might prescribe periodontal surgery. For less invasive cases, oral antibiotics and dental cleanings are common suggestions. 

Visit A Dentist to Know the Differences Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis

In conclusion, knowing the differences between Gingivitis and Periodontitis can help you seek treatment early! And the best dentists can always help you remedy these problems with precision and experience. To know more about these common dental problems, contact us today and inquire about ways to improve your oral health!